महादेवी वर्मा का जीवन परिचय
Mahadevi Varma was best known as a remarkable Hindi writer, and was an opportunity warrior, lady’s extremist and educationist from India. She is generally viewed as the “current Meera”. She was a noteworthy writer of the Chhayavaad era, a time of sentimentalism in Modern Hindi verse going from 1914–1938. With the progression of time, her restricted however remarkable composition has been perceived as novel in Hindi writing. She was a conspicuous writer in Hindi Kavi sammelans (Gatherings of artists).
She was the Principal, and afterward the Vice-Chancellor of Prayag Mahila Vidyapeeth, a lady’s private school in Allahabad. She was honored India’s most elevated artistic recompense, for lifetime accomplishment, the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship in 1979, trailed by the Jnanpith Award in 1982. She was the beneficiary of the Padma Bhushan in 1956 and the Padma Vibhushan in 1988, India’s third and second most astounding non military personnel grants individually
Mahadevi was conceived in Farukhabad in a “kayastha” group of attorneys. She was taught at Jabalpur-Madhya Pradesh. She was the eldest offspring of Govinda Prasad Varma and Hemaa rani and had two siblings, Jagmohan and Manmohan, and a sister, Shyaama. She got hitched to Dr Swarup Narain Varma in Indore when she was in her adolescence. She stayed with her folks while her significant other contemplated in Lucknow to finish his training, amid which time, she got her advanced education at the Allahabad University and passed her B.A.examination in 1929 and finished her graduate degree M.A. in Sanskrit in 1933.
After the demise of her significant other in 1966, she moved forever to Allahabad and lived there until her passing.
Mahadevi was selected as the principal headmistress of Allahabad (Prayag) Mahila Vidyapeeth, which was begun with a perspective to conferring social and scholarly training to young ladies through Hindi medium. Later, she turned into the chancellor of the institute.she was great
In her adolescence history Mere Bachpan Ke Din (My Childhood Days), Mahadevi Varma has composed that during an era when a young lady youngster was viewed as a weight upon the family, she was extremely blessed to be naturally introduced to a liberal family. Her granddad had the desire of making her a researcher; her mom was conversant in Sanskrit and Hindi, and exceptionally religious. Mahadevi credits her mom for motivating her to compose ballads, and to appreciate writing.
Mahadevi was initially admitted to a Convent school, however upon dissents and an unwilling state of mind, she took confirmation in Crosthwaite Girls College in Allahabad. As indicated by Mahadevi, she learnt the quality of solidarity in the inn at Crosthwaite, where understudies of various religions lived respectively and the chaos was likewise as per the religious prerequisite. Mahadevi began to compose sonnets subtly; endless supply of her concealed stash of lyrics by her flat mate and senior Subhadra Kumari Chauhan (known in the school for composing ballads), her shrouded ability was uncovered. Mahadevi and Subhrada now began to compose ballads together in their leisure time.
While others used to play outside, me and Subhrada used to sit on a tree, and let our inventive considerations stream together…She used to write in Khariboli, and soon I likewise began to write in Khadiboli…this way, we used to think of maybe a couple ballads a day…
— Mahadevi Varma, Mere Bachpan Ke Din
She and Subhrada likewise used to send lyrics to productions, for example, week after week magazines, and figured out how to get some of their sonnets distributed. Both writers additionally went to verse workshops, where they met prominent Hindi artists, and read out their sonnets to the group of onlookers. This organization proceeded till Subhrada moved on from Crosthwaite.
Mahadevi is thought to be one of the four noteworthy artists of the Chhayavaadi school of the Hindi writing, others being Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’, Jaishankar Prasad and Sumitranandan Pant. She was likewise a prominent painter. She drew various delineations for her beautiful works like Hindi and Yama. Her different works incorporate short stories, for example, Gillu (गिल्लू) which discusses her involvement with a squirrel and it is incorporated into the CBSE ninth class course, and “Neelkanth” which discusses her involvement with a peacock,which is additionally included as a section into the syllabus of Central Board of Secondary Education for the seventh graders. She has likewise composed Gaura which depends on her genuine living, in this story she expounded on a delightful dairy animals. Mahadevi Varma is likewise known for her youth diary, Mere Bachpan Ke Din and Gillu (गिल्लू)”, which was enlisted into the syllabus of India’s Central Board of Secondary Education for the ninth grade.
The accompanying are works of Mahadevi Varma’s that utilize her pets as characters key to that separate work:
Agnirekha (1990, distributed after her passing)
Arrangements from these accumulations have been distributed under different titles. Some of them include: (a) Yama (Neehar+ Rashmi+Neeraja+Saandhyageet) (b) Sandhini (c) Neelaambara (d) Aatmika (e) Deepgeet The extra element in these accumulations is another “Bhoomikas” or introdictory note written in the incomparable style of Mahadevi. Stories She has composed numerous striking stories like (an) Ateet ke Chalchitra (b) Smriti ki Rekhyein (c) Shrinkhala ki Kariyan (d) Gheesa
Recompenses and respects
Mahadevi Varma’s imaginative abilities and sharp astuteness soon earned her an unmistakable spot in the Hindi Literary world. She is considered among the four mainstays of the Chaayavad development. In 1934, she got Sekseriya Puraskar from the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan for her work, Niraja. Her verse accumulation (Yama, यामा-1936) got the Jnanpith Award, one of the most elevated Indian abstract recompenses.
She likewise Honored with “Pleased Past Alumni” in the rundown of 42 individuals, from “Allahabad University Alumni Association”, NCR, Ghaziabad (Greater Noida) Chapter 2007–2008 enrolled under society act 1860 with enlistment no. 407/2000.
The Government of India gave her with Padma Bhushan, India’s third-most elevated non military personnel recompense. She was the primary lady to be granted the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, in 1979. In 1988, Indian Government gave her with Padma Vibhushan, the second-most astounding non military personnel recompense